and Answers about Red Sky Yomes
- How soon after I order a Yome will I receive it?
A Generally it takes two to nine weeks and then a week for shipping.
- How much does it cost to ship a Yome?
A Since a folded up Yome is so compact, they are quite reasonable to
ship. A Yome will usually cost between $100 to $700 to ship, via freight truck.
Residential deliveries incur a $72 additional charge, but most customers either
find a nearby business to ship to or pick their Yome up at the freight terminal.
- Do you require a down payment?
A We require half the money down with the balance due upon delivery.
- Do you take credit cards?
A Yes, we accept all major cards.
- Do you offer Yome kits?
A Yes, for do-it-yourselfers we offer a Yome kit at a substantial
savings. Everything is included except the wooden support poles, which
the customer can make using the hardware we provide. Detailed step-by-step
instructions are included. See our Yome Kit page
for prices and details.
- Are Yomes hard to set up, and how long does it take?
A A Yome is one of the easiest portable
shelters to erect (see our set up page). The
only tools required are a couple of wrenches, a ladder and a cordless
drill. The first time may take a bit longer, but once you know what youre
doing, a PentaYome can take two or three people an hour while an OctaYome
will go up in four.
- How portable are they?
A An entire Yome can fit into most any hatchback. The canvas
roof and sides fold down to a couple cubic feet of space. There are 20-32
side support poles that are less than eight feet long. The 5-8 roof support
poles range from 7 to 10 feet long and may require some sort of roof rack.
How long will a Yome last?
A All of our fabrics should last at least five years. With proper
care you can expect them to last longer. Our premium Legacy silicone-coated
roofing material should last ten to fifteen years and is guaranteed
for eight. The framework should last indefinitely, we guarantee
it for life.
- Can you live in a Yome in the Winter?
A Many people have comfortably spent the Winter in Yomes simply
by insulating them and installing a heater or woodstove. Because Yomes
are not that big they are easy to heat. However, they do cool down quickly
once the heat is off. Adding any kind of thermomass (like bricks or tile
on the floor) will help retain the heat. Installing a ceiling fan to circulate
the warm air will help keep you comfortable.
- What can be used to heat the Yome?
A Heating options include woodstoves, vented and unvented propane
heaters, vented kerosene monitor heaters, pellet stoves and electric heaters.
Generally, 25,000 BTUs is plenty enough to heat a Yome.
- How does a stove pipe vent?
A Generally the stove pipe exits through the side wall via a patch
of fireproof silicone-coated fiberglass material. A hole is cut in this
patch to accommodate whatever size stove pipe is used. Insulated pipe
must be used for the section of pipe running through the wall.
the SeptaYome and OctaYome, it is also possible to run a stove pipe vent
straight up through the center of the roof. However, this replaces the
- What about insulation?
A Adding insulation to a Yome not only keeps it warmer in the
Winter but will also keep it cooler in the Summer. Insulation generally
consists of adding something to the roof, walls and floor that will create
a dead air space and possibly a radiant barrier. Above and below are the
most important areas to insulate. Weve known people to spend the
Winter in a Yome merely by insulating the roof and the floor. See our
insulation explanation page for a general
description of how insulation works.
of the things to look for in an insulation material are fire, moisture,
mildew, and rodent resistance. We offer insulation packages that meet
these requirements, using radiant barrier insulation in the ceiling and
fiberfill insulation in the walls (see our insulation
page). We also offer a space-age "acrylic-ceramic" paint. This coating
contains millions of tiny ceramic beads that reflect 80% of the radiant
heat coming from either outside or inside the Yome. There are several
other ways to insulate a Yome. Here are a few other possibilities:
rigid foam panels carry environmental costs, they are conveniently lightweight
and easy to cut into fitted triangular shapes. Foil or Mylar will reflect
radiant heat. Simply attaching a second layer of fabric to the inside
of the support poles can be very effective. Carpet padding happens to
come in six foot widths (the height of the Yome walls). Plastic sheeting,
vacuum panels, dried shredded seaweed: the possibilities are endless.
See insulation explanation page for the most
commonly used forms of insulation.
- Can I order a Yome now and then add insulation later?
A Yes, unlike other shelters both the roof and wall insulation
can be installed at any time.
- What colors do Yomes come in?
A The Yomes side walls are designed to be translucent and therefore are
an off-white color. The Legacy
silicone-coated roof comes in sage green, terracotta red and buckskin tan. In our Yome kits the customer applies the roof coating and they can
be tinted to almost any color.
- How high are the Yomes side walls?
A The wall height of all Yome models is six feet. Keep in mind
the roof in a Yome has quite a steep pitch. Once inside there is plenty
of ceiling height.
- Can you wire a Yome with electricity?
A Yomes can be wired for electricity either on or off the grid.
Power can be run underground to the Yome and up through the platform.
Use wire rated to be buried or run it through the appropriate conduit.
Outlets can be mounted flush on the floor using appropriate receptacles
or mounted on the side support poles. Circuits need to be properly protected
and grounded, and a GFI receptacle is recommended. It is always a good
idea to consult a licensed electrician..
- How about plumbing?
A The challenge of running plumbing is in keeping it from freezing
and having appropriate drainage for the gray water. Pipes need to be buried
to the proper depth for your area and insulated as they come up through
the platform. A few lucky customers have set up their Yome below a spring
and piped in a constantly running water source that doesnt freeze.
- What do you do for a bathroom?
A Very few customers feel there is space in the Yome for a bathroom.
Usually a separate outhouse or bathhouse is used, and composting toilets
are available. Although not a topic for polite company, a "pee-jar" is
often used in lieu of trips outside at night.
- Can you build a loft in a Yome?
A Yes, especially in the taller SeptaYome and OctaYome. Though
the loft must be self-supporting, it can be braced against the Yomes
stable framework. Traditional yurts, which are less rigid, require that
lofts be freestanding.
- What is a yurt and how does it differ from a Yome?
modern yurt is based on a circular structure used throughout Turkey, Mongolia,
and Western Siberia. The Yome is based on a lesser-known design originating
in Eastern Siberia. While yurts have a closed, lattice style framework
resembling a baby gate, the Yome uses an open triangular framework .
yurts roof and side wall are held together by a cable. For this
reason, without a lot of additional reinforcement, the yurt wall is free
to wobble. A Yome, on the other hand, made of simple triangles, is perfectly
rigid. The Yomes design, therefore, uses significantly less wood
yet achieves a more stable framework.
Yomes, yurts are almost exclusively covered in PVC-coated fabric. PVC,
or vinyl, raises serious environmental and health concerns. See our roof
fabric page for more information.
and Yomes differ in the way they let in light. Most yurts combine a four
foot clear plastic skylight with insulation (of the double bubble radiant
barrier type) that renders the walls completely opaque. The Yome, on the
other hand, combines a 13" frosted skylight with translucent walls
and insulation. This creates no harsh hot spots in Summer when the sun
is high and a steady glow in Winter, when the sun is low and light is
most welcome. The Yome is bathed in a soft, diffused light year-round.
Because our eyes can easily adjust to this type of diffused lighting,
a Yome will have a magical, timeless quality feeling to it. The light
at dusk will seem as bright as if it were midday.
- When might a yurt be more suitable than a Yome?
may want a yurt if you feel you need a larger skylight that you can look
out of. Also, right now our largest Yome is just short of 19 feet in diameter.
There are yurts available that are 30 feet across. However, for the price
you could buy two separate Yomes and still have money left over.
may want a yurt for use in an area with the possibility of extreme snow
load. A yurt uses three times as many rafters as a Yome, and these are
usually twice as wide. While the Yome is far more efficient, portable,
and economical, at this point it is not designed to handle several feet
of snow. We do offer a snow load kit, but this is meant for less severe
- How does a dome differ from a Yome?
Yome and the geodesic dome employ a similar design. Both are based on
the geometric shape known as an icosohedron. While a cube has six square
faces, an icosohedron has twenty faces, and each is an equilateral triangle.
geodesic dome is usually based on the "upper portion" of an
icosohedron. So is a PentaYome. Domes and Yomes differ, however, in how
they add faces to create larger models. A geodesic dome can be built to
any size by dividing each its triangular faces into smaller triangles.
This can be repeated for the smaller triangles, as needed, depending on
the size of the structure and the strength of the materials used. Rather
than being divided evenly, the faces are usually divided so they curve
outward to form a semi-sphere. For this reason, a geodesic dome can be
built to any size while continuing to remain structurally sound.
smaller diameter domes the major disadvantage of the shape is their sloping
walls. The more upright walls of a yurt provide more headroom and more
usable space. This is why weve modified the dome shape to create
the Yome. Because it is a semi-sphere, a dome will have a lot less usable
space than Yome of equal diameter.
disadvantage of most portable domes is that they are covered in only one
type of material. Dome manufacturers offer either a breathable Sunforger
covering or one that is coated with PVC (although they call this material
acrylic-coated). The Sunforger fabric performs well as a side wall
fabric, however, as a roof material, unless it's coated with something
it's life span will be decreased. Their PVC, or vinyl-coated alternative
material renders the structure unbreathable has some serious environmental
and health concerns (see our roof fabric page).
Like yurts, Yomes can offer different fabric covering for the roof and
walls. The roof can be a heavy-duty PVC-free coated material while the
walls can use breathable Sunforger canvas.
- Can I build and install my own wood door?
A Yes. Once the door is in place, the fabric can be cut, folded
against the door frame and attached to it. This will save on shipping
costs for our doors are quite heavy.
- Can you attach two Yomes together?
A At present we dont offer a sealed vestibule for connecting
two or more Yomes. The challenge of forming separate rooms in this way
would be in keeping the opening between them dry.
-Does the Yome come with a floor?
A The Yome itself does not include a floor. Generally a Yome is
set up on some sort of deck or platform. Often times plywood is installed
inside the Yome. This can then be covered with whatever type of flooring
or floor covering the customer desires.
- Do Yomes have to be set up on a platform?
A Unlike other portable shelters, Yomes are freestanding and do
not require a base. They set up temporarily on a simple ground covering.
People have also successfully used gravel or wood chips for a foundation.
Of course youll want the ground to be level, and it is crucial to
make provisions for diverting water.
things considered, it generally is best to get the Yome off the ground
to prevent deterioration, and most people opt for putting the Yome on
a deck. Luckily the Yome, again unlike other shelters, can be placed on
a deck of any size or shape.
- What maintenance is required?
A The most important thing is to keep a Yome clean. Even on mildew-resistant
material, dirt can accumulate on the fabrics surface, giving mildew something
to grow on. Thats why we include fabric cleaner and a special pad with
every Yome for periodical cleaning.
- Can the roof and side wall fabric be replaced?
A All the Yomes components are replaceable. The side wall
canvas is easily removed without having to alter the Yomes structure.
It comes right off by simply unlacing and unscrewing.
any damage occur to the roof membrane (fallen tree limbs, sharp objects,
vandalism, etc.), it can be repaired in place with our roof repair kit.
It is more difficult to replace than the walls. Using ladders it can
be removed and reinstalled while the structure is standing. However, in
some cases it is easier to lower the roof for replacement. See
our Parts Replacement Price List page for prices
and more information.
- What about snow handling capacity?
A Yomes can handle probably up to a foot of snow or more with
our snow load kit. At this point we dont have enough experience
to offer any definite facts or figures about snow load handling capabilities.
Luckily, it is quite easy to remove accumulated snow. On uninsulated roofs,
you can knock the snow off the roof simply by poking the roof fabric from
the inside with a broom handle or other blunt object. On insulated Yomes
you may have to knock the snow off the roof from the outside.
- Did you invent the Yome design?
A The Yomes design is actually based on ancient geometric
principles. Engineers have always known that the triangle is far simpler
and more structurally sound than the square. There are five basic solid
shapes (or "regular polyhedra"): the tetrahedron, the octahedron and the
icosahedron have triangular faces. The cube, which is the shape commonly
used in architecture, and the dodecahedron (with twelve pentagonal faces)
are collapsible. The Yome, with triangular faces, is based on the icosahedron.
This is what gives it its exceptional strength and stability.
modern times, Buckminster Fuller brought the icosahedron-based dome into
popularity. He realized that this framework would be lighter than conventional
buildings and therefore would withstand earthquakes better. In the 1940s,
Neil Neherbass built upon Fullers work by designing low-cost, Yome-shaped
shelters. At Red Sky weve taken this concept and adapted it to another
ancient structure, the Siberian yurt.
modern yurt, with canvas covered lattice walls, is based on a design common
throughout Turkey and Mongolia. On the extreme northeastern coast of Siberia,
however, the Evenki people developed a shelter that utilized triangular
side supports rather than the lattice system (see illustration). Notice
that in order to accommodate front and rear doorways, the Evenki had to
rely on a six pole foundation and two cross poles. See
The History of Tensile Architecture.
Yome is designed to take advantage of the best feature of both yurts and
domes. We believe it is the most efficient and affordable canvas living
Would Red Sky Shelters sew a custom covering for a framework of
my own design?
A No, at this time we are dedicating our time and resources to
producing Yomes, tipis and tensile structures only.
- Do you need a permit to set up a Yome?
Because it can easily be taken down and set up again, a Yome can often
be regarded as a tent or temporary structure. Temporary structures may
not require a permit..
some cases, a Yome may be considered a permanent or semi-permanent structure.
It may be classified as an auxiliary building, studio or recreational
structure, but not as a single-family dwelling. It is the customers
responsibility to determine if their application will require a permit
of any kind, and if so, what type of permit is needed. No professional
determination has yet been made as to the Yomes snow and wind load
capacities as related to the Uniform Building Code.